Today In History
Today In History contains daily excerpts from events in the past. Occasionally, we compare what happened long ago with what is going on today.
January 31, 2022: In history, on this day in 1865, the U.S. House of Representatives passed the 13th Amendment to the Constitution, ending the institution of slavery in the U.S. Prior to this, Lincoln had issued an Emancipation Proclamation freeing only the slaves in southern states. It was a strategic move on Lincon’s part. Later, toward the end of the war, Congress approved and the U.S. House of Representatives passed the 13th Amendment to the Constitution.
January 30, 2022: In history, on this day in 1948, Mahatma Gandhi, the political and spiritual leader of the Indian independence movement, was assassinated in New Delhi by a Hindu extremist. After decades of leading non-violent protests against the treatment of poor Indians by the British government, as well as protests against Muslem-Hindu violence, Gandhi was gunned down while protesting. His persuasive methods of civil disobedience influenced leaders of civil rights movements around the world.
January 29, 2022: In history, on this day in 1861, Kansas became a state. Leading up to this event there was much turmoil over the issue of slavery. Most settlers in Kansas were anti-slavery. But Missouri, which borders Kansas, was a slave state. Groups of pro-slavery Missourians tried to make Kansas a slave state by fraudulently voting in Kansas’s referendums. After years of violent skirmishes over the slavery issue, Kansas was admitted to the union as a free state.
January 28, 2022: In history, on this day in 1985, “We Are The World” was recorded. The song, written by Michael Jackson and Lionel Richey, was performed by 45 popular musicians to raise awareness of the severe famine in Africa. Harry Belafonte initiated the “USA for Africa” event, and Quincy Jones was the producer of the record. The record sold over 7 million copies and raised over 60 million dollars for African famine relief.