January 22, 2022: In history, on this day in 1973, a landmark Supreme Court case, Roe Versus Wade, was decided. The controversial decision established a woman’s right to abort an unwanted pregnancy. This right, according to the ruling, was protected by the 14th Amendment to the Constitution, which guarantees a right to privacy. Abortion had not been a serious criminal offense in the U.S. until the 1860’s when the newly formed American Medical Association saw abortion practitioners as competition. Members of the AMA sought to eliminate the competition by pressuring the states to enact laws against abortion. The laws were rarely enforced until the 1930’s. Roe VS Wade made those state laws invalid.