What In The World : January 6, 2022
On This Day In History
On January 6, 1838, Samuel Morse’s telegraph system is demonstrated for the first time at the Speedwell Iron Works in Morristown, New Jersey. The telegraph, a tool which made use of electrical impulses to transmit encoded messages over a wire, would eventually transform long-distance communication, reaching the height of its appeal in the 1920s and 1930s.
In 1843, Morse ultimately persuaded a doubtful Congress to relegate money to the construction of the very first telegraph line in the United States, from Washington, D.C. to Baltimore. In May 1844, Morse sent the very first telegram over the line, with the message: “What hath God wrought!”
In The World:
Israel’s religious women take their quiet revolution to art school.
Through their painting, drawing, photography and sculpture, these Orthodox women are revealing the interiors of their homes and communities to a new audience of secular teachers, while engaging in a form of creativity that has long had a controversial status in some Jewish traditions. The Ten Commandments prohibit making “a graven image, nor any manner of likeness, of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.”
Some students paint abstract self-portraits, construct mazelike installations to simulate the frequently cramped homes of the religious families. Some use their art to address topics such as mental health. Many of the architecture students are drafting blueprints aimed at upgrading Israel’s growing Hareidi districts, where large families cram into small apartments and often lack access to public parks.
With 220 students and growing every year, the experimental Hareidi wing of the vaunted Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design provides women with degrees in art, architecture and graphic design, which they are using to break into an Israeli culture scene centered in the mostly liberal and secular city of Tel Aviv.
In two-thirds of Jan. 6 cases so far judges have declined prosecutor.-proposed sentences. Of 701 federal defendants, 74 have been sentenced, nearly all for misdemeanors
When federal judges in Washington began hearing guilty pleas from some of the hundreds of riot participants who attacked the Capitol on Jan. 6 last year, some were highly critical of prosecutors for pursuing only misdemeanor charges, and not seeking jail time, for many defendants.
However for the majority of defendants sentenced, judges have imposed less jail time than prosecutors sought. They claim that government plea deals in most misdemeanor cases are forcing judges to choose whether short jail terms or years of probation pose a stronger deterrent.
While half the defendants face felony charges, nearly 90 percent of pleas involve misdemeanors, as prosecutors so far have focused on closing less serious cases to marshal resources for more complex trials ahead.